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Legal notices

by Chris Woodford. Last updated: February 23, 2012.

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Disclaimer

This website provides simple introductions to hundreds of different topics and no-one could possibly be an expert on all of them. The information on this website is prepared with care and provided in good faith, for general educational purposes, for free. However, I, Chris Woodford, do not warrant that any of the information published on explainthatstuff.com is accurate, correct, up-to-date, or complete. I make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the text or other content on this site and (to the extent permitted by applicable law) I accept no responsibility for any loss, damage, or injury that may arise if you use any text or any other content that may be published here. Please be aware that you use the information from this website at your own risk.

Privacy and cookies

Our website does not collect or store any personal information about you. It does not set "cookies" (small files stored on your computer) or use any other tracking mechanisms (transparent GIFs, web beacons, and so on). However, most of our pages display advertisements and the advertising companies we work with try to serve relevant and useful advertisements to our readers by storing what are known as third-party cookies on your computer. Most of our pages also contain "sharing" buttons, including the Facebook "Like" and Google + buttons, which may also set third-party cookies on your computer.

For users in the UK and the rest of Europe, we have carefully reviewed our legal obligations under the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 (revised May 2011), in line with guidance from the UK Information Commissioner's Office. Our website does not provide an option for you to consent to the use of cookies because it does not set cookies. We are continuing to review the way our advertising and social-networking partners are responding to these new changes in the privacy legislation and working with them in line with the guidance from the Information Commissioner that "The person setting the cookie is therefore primarily responsible for compliance with the requirements of the law. Where third party cookies are set through a website both parties will have a responsibility for ensuring users are clearly informed about cookies and for obtaining consent... It is therefore in both parties' interests to work together."

For full details, please see our detailed privacy policy page.

© Copyright

This is our formal copyright and legal notice covering all the material we publish on explainthatstuff.com. You might also like to read our general guide to using material from this website. The simplest way to avoid any kind of legal problem for yourself or your organization is to ask for permission before you use something. Please do feel entirely free to contact us if you have any queries, you'd like to discuss reprinting or reusing our articles, or you'd like us to confirm whether some use you have in mind is "fair use" or otherwise okay. We are always happy to help—and generally we'll reply within a day or so.

Text

All the text on Explain that Stuff is copyright © Chris Woodford (with copyright dates as indicated on each page) and all rights are reserved. Unauthorized use of text from this website on other websites (and elsewhere) is an infringement of copyright under international laws that apply in most countries, including Title 17 of the United States Code USC section 501, et seq. (including the Digital Millennium Copyright Act), the Copyright Designs and Patents Act (1988) in the UK, the Copyright & Related Rights Act 2000 (Ireland), and copyright laws that apply in most other countries through the Berne Convention and other international treaties. All text from this website is registered (or deposited pending registration) at the US Copyright Office, so under section 504(c)(2), willful copyright infringement could make you liable to statutory damages of up to $150,000 per work infringed. You may browse and download information from this website for your own personal use. You are not permitted to copy, broadcast, download, upload, store (in any medium), transmit, translate, distribute, show or play in public, adapt or change in any way the text of Explainthatstuff.com web pages for any other purpose whatsoever without the prior written permission of the copyright owner (Chris Woodford).

Fair use (also known as "fair dealing"), such as briefly quoting from articles on this website for purposes of commentary or discussion, is fine, but you must attribute this website as the source (in some legal jurisdictions, this is referred to as giving "sufficient acknowledgement") and not pass off our work as your own.

Under Title 17 of the United States Code USC section 506 and section 1202, it can be a criminal offence to intentionally remove copyright management information (CMI), including copyright notices and copyright ownership information, from copyright works. If you copy articles from this website and remove the copyright notice, or paste a copyright notice of your own onto something you have copied from this website, you could be committing a criminal offence. The penalty for doing this for commercial advantage or private financial gain can be a fine of up to $500,000 or imprisonment for up to five years. So don't do it!

For the purposes of section 78 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act (1988) in the UK, and other international copyright laws, Chris Woodford has asserted all his moral rights as the author of the text published on this website, including (but not limited to) his right to be identified as the author, his right to object to derogatory treatment of his work, and his right to object to false attribution.

Images

Images created by or credited to explainthatstuff.com are copyright © Chris Woodford (Explain that stuff.com), but published under this Creative Commons License (briefly: you are very welcome to reuse them online or offline, for noncommercial purposes only, under the terms of this licence providing you attribute the images to "Explain that Stuff" and make a functioning link to "http://www.explainthatstuff.com/" or the page where you found the image).

Images used on this website that are credited to US Federal Government agencies are believed, in good faith, to have been "prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person's official duties" and therefore (under section 105) considered to be in the public domain.

Other images are copyright their creators and are always used by permission or under a particular Creative Commons licence, as noted in the image caption.

This website contains photographs of real-world products purely for illustrative purposes. The inclusion of a photograph in an article does not represent any endorsement by us of the product shown or any endorsement by the product manufacturer of this website or anything we may say in the text. If you are the manufacturer of a product and you'd prefer it not to be featured in one of our photos, please contact me.

It is our policy always to respect the right to privacy of people shown in photographs, so faces and heads are either cropped out of pictures, pixelated, blurred, or otherwise disguised.

Trademarks

It is our policy to acknowledge trademarks and registered trademarks. Where a trademark is used in an article, we indicate this with a ® or ™ symbol (on first occurrence) and note the ownership of the trademark just below the copyright notice at the bottom of the page. If we have used a trademark incorrectly, please let us know and we will be happy to make corrections at the earliest opportunity (generally the same day).

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