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Winston Churchill

Was Winston Churchill an Alcoholic?

by Chris Woodford. Last updated: December 9, 2014.

"You, Mr Churchill, are drunk."

"And you, Lady Astor, are ugly. But I shall be sober in the morning."

Photo: Winston Churchill—courtesy of Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum.

This infamous exchange was the incident that confirmed Winston Churchill's reputation as a heavy drinker. It all started back in 1899. Churchill, aged 25, was a correspondent on the Morning Post, covering the Boer war. Sent out to the front line, he took with him 36 bottles of wine, 18 bottles of ten-year old scotch, and 6 bottles of vintage brandy (a drink he believed was essential to a stable diet). Clearly Churchill had better access to alcohol than most people on the South African front: his stores were said to contain "many bottles of whiskey, claret, and port."

Over the next few decades, Churchill's name came to be linked with two things: drink and war. They were often closely connected. In 1915, many people considered England's future leader exceptionally brave when he opted for the front line; as an aristocrat, he could have chosen a safe post at headquarters. But as a close friend pointed out: "Hard liquor was prohibited at Battalion HQ… and only sweet tea provided, a beverage by no means to Winston's taste."

Churchill could never have given up drink; that much was confirmed by another wartime episode. When George Vth set a personal example to the troops by giving up alcohol, Churchill declared the whole idea absurd and announced he would not be giving up drink just because the King had.

Simulation of Winston Churchill's signature on a letter with a drink on top

Even as Prime Minister, Churchill refused to moderate his drinking. He believed Europeans liked leaders who could hold their liquor, so he did nothing to discourage rumors about his alcoholic excess. Churchill admitted he relied on alcohol. He always had a glass of whiskey by him, and he drank brandy and champagne both at lunchtime and dinner.

Only when Churchill reached the age of 76, in 1953, were there signs of change: "I am trying to cut down on alcohol. I have knocked off brandy and take Cointreau instead. I disliked whiskey at first. It was only when I was a subaltern in India,and there was a choice between dirty water and dirty water with some whiskey in it, that I got to like it. I have always, since that time, made a point of keeping in practice."

Some believe Churchill's heavy drinking caused his decline as Prime Minister. As Lord Moran commented: "It makes his speech more difficult to understand and fuddles what is left of his wits; and yet he does not attempt to control his thirst." When the subject was raised with Churchill, he replied enigmatically:

Photo: Drink loomed large over Winston Churchill's life—but how did it affect his leadership? (Simulated image.)

"Is alcohol a food?"

In the 10 years of retirement before he died, Churchill drank more than ever. He never missed having a bottle of champagne for lunch and very often had another one for dinner. One visitor from the period noted: "There is always some alcohol in his blood, and it reaches its peak late in the evening after he has had two or three scotches, several glasses of champagne, at least two brandies, and a highball… but his family never sees him the worst for drink."

That was the most remarkable thing about Churchill: he always seemed perfectly sober. Raised as an aristocrat, he believed drunkenness to be contemptible and disgusting, and a fault in which no gentleman indulged.

But was Churchill an alcoholic? He drank so much for so long that, in the end, no-one could really tell.

Sometimes we don't notice how much we're drinking...

Churchill was a prime example. No limit is safe for everyone, but the recommended weekly intake of alcohol is up to 21 units for a man, 14 units for a woman, and 6 units for a pregnant woman. (one unit is equivalent to half a pint of beer, a glass of wine or sherry, or a single measure of spirits.)

But how you drink is more important than how much. Drink with meals and with company. Don't get caught buying rounds – you can end up drinking six pints when two would do. And if you plan a long drinking session, make every other drink a non-alcoholic one. That way, as Churchill once said, you will "take more out of alcohol than alcohol takes out of you."

Alcoholism: Some shocking facts and statistics

Generic illustration of alcohol abuse: bottles and cans in a recycling dumpster

You might find it amazing—or perhaps even slightly amusing—that one of the greatest leaders in history lived his life under the influence of alcohol. Churchill was lucky: alcohol didn't destroy him or the lives of the people around him; doubtless, on occasions, it helped him to cope with the incredible pressures he faced. Many other people aren't so fortunate: alcohol frequently turns them into abusive, violent monsters, tears apart their families and drives away their friends, before killing them, slowly and painfully, with a toxic cocktail of horrible diseases. Perhaps even more wretchedly, some alcoholics become drink drivers who kill, maim, and blight the lives of unlucky people they don't even know.

The statistics on alcohol abuse are shocking:

Sources

  1. Alcohol, World Health Organization.
  2. Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders by J.Rehm et al, The Lancet, 27 June 2009.
  3. OECD Education at a Glance 2011, 13 September 2011.
  4. Alcohol and Crime: An Analysis of National Data on the Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement in Crime by L.A. Greenfield, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998.
  5. Alcohol Consumption and Traffic Crashes by Professor David J. Hanson, Sociology Department, State University of New York.
  6. Reduce your risk: new national guidelines for alcohol consumption: Australian Government, April 2012.
  7. Alcohol attributable burden of incidence of cancer in eight European countries based on results from prospective cohort study by Madlen Schütze et al, BMJ, 7 April 2011.
  8. Alcohol and crime: by L.A. Greenfield, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998. [PDF file]
  9. More than 40% of domestic violence victims are male, report reveals by Denis Campbell, The Guardian, 5 September 2010.
  10. Statistics: how common is domestic violence?: Women's Aid, 7 August 2006.
  11. How much money did you spend a week on alcohol?: Soberrecovery.com forum discussion in 2009.
  12. Alcoholism Risk Factors: Mayo Clinic.

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Text copyright © Chris Woodford 1991, 2012. All rights reserved. Full copyright notice and terms of use.

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Woodford, Chris. (1991) Was Winston Churchill an Alcoholic?. Retrieved from http://www.explainthatstuff.com/winstonchurchill.html. [Accessed (Insert date here)]

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